The Range Rover is a four-wheel drive sport utility vehicle (SUV) produced by Land Rover in the United Kingdom.
The Range Rover was first introduced in 1970 and is at the time of this writing in its third generation.
The first generation model was known as the Range Rover until almost the end of its run, when Land Rover introduced the name Range Rover Classic to distinguish it from its successors.
The Range Rover was designed and developed by a team led by Charles Spencer King.
The first-generation Range Rover, the Range Rover Classic was produced between 1970 and 1996.
After 25 years from the introduction of the first-generation Range Rover, the second-generation Range Rover (model-designation "P38A" or "LP") was introduced for the 1995 model year, with an updated version of the Rover V8 engines. The Second generation was produced between 1994 and 2001.
In 2002, the third-generation model ("LM") was introduced which saw the model move further up-market. The manual transmission was dropped entirely, leaving only the automatic transmission.
The new design used monocoque (unibody) construction with 4-wheel independent air suspension. Air suspension allowed variable ride height and achieved similar axle articulation to the previous live axle design. This retained off-road abilities while improving on-road performance. The new Range Rover's introduction in late 2002 as a 2003 model for the North American market resulted in the Range Rover and Ford Expedition (also new for 2003) being the only two SUVs in the full-size sport utility class with 4-wheel independent suspension systems at that time.
The fourth generation Range Rover was introduced in September 2012. The vehicle was completely redesigned. As a special feature the Range Rover now has a aluminum monocoque body which is 150 kg lighter than the steel bodywork of the previous model. These and other lightweight components including the chassis result in up to 420 kilograms less empty weight of the base model. It was also the first time in this vehicle through a combination of LED and fiber optics a headlamp "signature" created which gives the Range Rover a unique and individual look at the design of the headlights.
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